How to Format or Format an SD Card in Ubuntu from Terminal


The world every day is developing more and more in technology. The modernization from desktops, tables, smartphones, household appliances develop in us the desire to obtain them.

These computers allow us to do our jobs effectively, and also store a large amount of information. Therefore, it is necessary from time to time to format either our computer’s hard drive or the SD card of our phone, for its correct operation, in case you format it externally it is important that you learn to put or connect an SD card to your cell phone.

Formatting is an action that allows us to delete the information. It also helps that the storage drive is USB, SD, hard disk can be prepared to enter information regardless of the operating system.

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You can format in two ways, low and high level format. The format of low level It is made to the software in a physical way to the disk or card, in which it is again as at the beginning of the factory. But it is also possible to format a micro SD memory card without losing my files

That is to say, from the head of the card or disk to its sectors that divide them, they are left blank without data, this process is slow and rigorous, while the high level is the one that users normally use since it is partial and fast and the files are edited and deleted

What is an SD card?

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The term SD is short for Secure Digital which is a card or device with a removable flash memory format that allows your ROM memory to have greater storage where you can save programs, files or information in digital, available for mobile devices such as: smartphones, cameras, recorders or digital ones, game consoles, etc. If you still do not take full advantage of them, you can learn how to move photos and videos from the internal memory to the SD card

The SD card is based on the standard made in 1999 by Panasonic, Toshiba, and SanDisk, this entry with changes in its structure in MMC cards.

To this day this standard is upheld by the SD Card Association. These cards can be found in different original standard sizes, miniSD, microSD.

In addition to being available in those sizes, you can also get them in various formats in standard capacity in English. «Standard Capacity» (SDSC), high capacity «High Capacity» (SDHC), Extended Capacity (SDXC), and Imput / Output (SDIO) input / output.

These cards can be formatted from a terminal or console is any device that is integrated into the hardware of a computer, whose purpose is that you can display, enter, transform information or data within your computer or mobile device.

We can find devices whose capacity is to process information directly, or the terminal may depend completely on the computer or it uses an emulator so that the terminal fulfills its functions at a virtual level.

How to format or format an SD card in Ubuntu?

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If you want to format your SD card with Ubuntu from your computer’s terminal, then follow the steps to do them quickly and efficiently. It should be noted that from the terminal you can perform many actions such as installing packages or programs in Ubuntu

Step 1

Put your SD card in the card reader from your computer, that way Ubuntu will do its job by recognizing it and adapting it to your operating system.

Step 2

At the top you will see the option «Applications», In it, in the «Accessories» and also «Terminal» screen, press click to start the command lines.

Step 3

Now proceed to write the words «df» and the word «Intro», then you will see the list on your computer of the storage devices available in it, then look for the name of your SD card which will appear as «/ dev / sdb1 ”.

Step 4

After it appears «/ Dev / sdb1» writes «Umount», whereby the command would look like umount «/ dev / sdb1»; after writing it press the option «Intro».

Step 5

Now write «mkdosfs» -F 32 -v and press «Enter» again, which the command would look like this «mkdosfs -F 32 -v / dev / sdb1»

Step 6

To finish, remove the card from your computer and re-enter it once the entire process has been completed.

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