The microprocessor or central href=”https://tdftips.com/unidad-central-procesamiento-cpu-que-es-para-que-sirve-tipos-partes/”> (stands for Central Processing Unit) it is the brain of a computer. Receives information from the outside through other devices, interprets, executes instructions and issues a response, as would a brain of any living being.
equal to a brain consists of different types of neurons, microprocessors are composed of a chip or silicon wafer containing integrated circuits, transistors, and is protected by a cover of ceramic and plastic.
As can deduce from his name, the microprocessor is a microscopic circuit composed million transistors integrated in a single piece flat thin. The microprocessor (micro), is responsible for all operations of calculation and control what happens on the computer, receiving information and giving orders to other work items.
Functions of a microprocessor
From a technical standpoint, microprocessors serve to retrieve, interpret, follow instructions and operating system as a calculator and can do arithmetic and logical operations.
The programs stored in the main memory need to be executed, and that’s where the microprocessor operating data unfolds. Its speed is measured in megahertz (MHz) or gigahertz (GHz) , where 1,000 MHz equal to 1 GHz.
hertz happens that express the number of operations that can be performed by the second microprocessor. For example, it happens that a processor with a speed of 1 GHz is capable of running up to 1 billion operations in just a second. As is to be expected, the larger is this value, the processor is much faster.
Types of microprocessors and features
Microprocessors are classified based on several factors. These factors are designed to evaluate the speed of the processor and the amount of information that can be transferred.
Speed ratings for microprocessors is measured in gigahertz or megahertz as we said above, while the amount of information that can be transferred is measured in kilobytes or megabytes .
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Obviously, processors greater capacity and speed are the most expensive on the market. In this regard, there is cheap processors (less GHz) and others of enormous power. Some were designed for specific tasks:
- To make graphic works.
- To be used as servers.
- To only surf the web.
- To run office processes.
The most common way to classify the microprocessors is for speed . The speed of microprocessors is one of the most important features for your choice. And this has much to do with the demands of the Internet.
The digital network increasingly more inclined multimedia content, which warrants faster connection , and therefore a much faster processor.
Take the case of the higher-end Intel, which are the Core i3, Core i5 and Core i7 . This is a group of processors to 4 nuclei. They have a 86-64 x Intel architecture. Their speeds range from 1.06 GHz to 2.66 GHz in the case of laptops.
It said that in the case of the PC, are really fast. Ranging from 2.93 GHz to 3.46 GHz impressive amount. What is the fastest processor Intel? It is Core i9 . Their speeds are 3.2 GHz to 3.7 GHz. No doubt they are teams that marked a milestone in speed.
Meanwhile, the company AMD, is also committed to increasing the speed of its processors. Such is the case of the AMD Phenom. This is the first multicore processors of this company. and the Phenom II appear and Athlon II models. In particular, the Phenom happens to have the capacity of 65 nm to 45 nm. As a result, increases cache.
The two companies, Intel and AMD are taking the lead in creating microprocessors, so it is normal to get to ask what differences between microprocessors Intel and AMD and which ones are better.
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Finally, we leave you a summary of the fastest microprocessor market:
- AMD Ryzen Threadripper 299WX . Speed 4.2 GHz and has 32 cores
- Intel Core i9 7980XE : Speed 2.60 GHz and 18 cores. In addition to 128GB memory.
- Intel Core i9 7940x . Speed 3.10 GHz, 14 cores and cache 19,25MB
- AMR Ryzen Threadripper 2950x: speed 4.4 GHz and 40MB cache
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