Have you ever heard of the “second generation of computers” ? You do not have a clue what it is? You will be surprised to know that this stage of history was crucial for the development of the technological world and computers we know today.
Want to know more? Well read this article entitled: Second-generation computers: origin, history and evolution? -Basic Guide
Basic Guide of the second generation of computers: origin and history
The “second generation of computers” is nothing more than a time period between 1959 to 1964. Where a series of facts and events were triggered crucial to the history of technology.
Before that stage, the first generation of computers was based on vacuum tubes but in the late fifties something happened. This device was replaced by the famous transistors, leading to a new generation of computers, for the second generation.
In those years were also in the world formally opened the doors to technology. For increasingly it had more commercial interest in these technologies almost globally.
Returning to the subject of transistors , these were artifacts replaced almost immediately to the vacuum tubes in the computer field, as these had greater advantage than vacuum tubes.
These transistors have a smaller, required less energy, operating faster. They did not need long processes were applied to colds and had no filaments.
This is why, to be used as the processing electronics, transistors gave way to the second generation of computers more efficient and smaller in size.
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Although it is noteworthy that when these transistors were created in 1947 , were not as efficient as they were of a material germanium and failed very quickly. But this improved when, in later years these would become bipolar junction transistors.
By the end of 1950, these transistors had unseated vacuum tubes in the computer field, but with the same mechanism off and on, but with greater efficiency.
computers second generation were a great success with these transistors. People you excited that computers were smaller and reliable, so in early 1960 did not hesitate to implement computers for brand and product designs, print invoices, and other calculations.
Another thing surprising about the second generation of computers is that besides using transistors as its “engine”, these were other components: network operating system, printer, software, hardware, larger storage, among others.
It was at the University of Manchester (UK), where “born” the first computer with integrated transistors in 1953. Subsequently, in mid-1955 this computer reinvented, creating a second version of the same and subsequent creations these used to more than 200 transistors.
This type of computers had a high cost, and so they were only the monetary reach of millionaires magnates and their corporations.
These second generation computers were also created new assembly languages, allowing programmers to easily operate Using simple codes. In addition, other languages were created as the process control (control tasks independently) and high-level language (to program, configure and create computer software).
Second generation computers: Evolution
The development of the second generation of computers with respect to the first is very noticeable. The fact that this new generation will use transistors instead of vacuum tubes, which were much lower than size. I had command languages and tip, software, hardware (these two are not the same, software and hardware have differences with each other ). And gradually more accessible to the general public makes a noticeable difference in history.
In addition, the second generation of computers and evolved even hit the economy, as these were implemented business errands and other tasks, facilitating increasingly work.
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Although these computers would have their flaws certain, provided valuable information in many fields of technology that would be very useful. They born subsequently to the third and fourth generation of computers and even more recent generations.
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